Last Update: Wednesday, July 23, 2014

LIFELONG HEALTH- Osteoporosis Deadly As Cancer For Women PDF Print E-mail
Written by Dr. David Lipschitz, Creative Syndicate   
Thursday, 15 March 2012 03:02

Osteoporosis is as common as cancer and heart disease, and it's a leading cause of fractures, chronic disability, difficulty with walking, severe pain and a poor quality of life. The World Health Organization reports that osteoporosis ranks second to cardiovascular disease as a global health care problem. And research shows that a 50- year-old woman has the same risk of dying from complications of a hip fracture as from breast cancer.

In 2010, 30 million women and 14 million men will either suffer from osteoporosis or have osteopenia, a significant thinning of bone that hasn't reached the severity of osteoporosis. The most important complication of osteoporosis is a fracture.

The disease is more common in women — 1 in 3 will suffer a fracture during their lifetime. After age 50, the fracture risk increases to 50 percent. And men are not immune. Their risk of fracture is 20 percent under the age of 50 and 30 percent over the age of 60. Fractures of the hip, wrist or back usually follow a fall. Occasionally, an osteoporotic bone may be so thin that a spontaneous fracture can occur without injury. Following a hip fracture, the risk of death within the next year is 20 percent, and another 20 percent require admission to a nursing home because of an inability to walk. Only a third of those who have a hip fracture return to their normal level of function.

Vertebral fractures can occur spontaneously or following a fall. An acute vertebral fracture causes severe pain. If vertebral collapse is noted, a vertebroplasty should be considered. During a vertebroplasty, a needle is inserted into the vertebra. A balloon is used to expand the vertebra into its normal shape and cement is injected to prevent the collapse from reoccurring. Vertebral fractures can occur gradually and at multiple sites, leading to loss of height and curvature of the upper spine referred to as a dowager's hump. These fractures, as well as microscopic fractures of very thin bone, lead to chronic pain that can be debilitating, affect gait and balance. It can also cause an increased risk of becoming physically dependent on others and a poor quality of life.

We must do everything we can to prevent osteoporosis, detect it early and provide treatment to reverse the problem and avoid complications. Osteoporosis can be prevented by assuring adequate intake of calcium during the growing teenage years and thereafter. The average daily diet should contain about 500 milligrams of calcium from nondairy sources and 1 ounce of cheese or a glass of milk. If no dairy products are consumed, 500 milligrams of calcium plus 200 units of vitamin D should be taken with meals twice daily, beginning with the teenage years. Exercise that builds muscle and bone is just as important.

Every woman should be screened for osteoporosis at menopause. This involves a noninvasive test called a DEXA scan. Follow-up screenings usually are recommended every three years. However, a recent study in the New England Journal of Medicine indicated that if the DEXA scan was normal, a repeat scan was not needed for 10 years. If bone thinning or osteopenia is identified, a scan should be repeated in five years. Only those at very high risk should be scanned every three years or sooner.

If osteoporosis is diagnosed, therapy with medications can build bone and reduce the risk of fracture by 50 percent or more. Bisphosphonates such as Fosamax and Boniva are commonly prescribed. They can be given orally or intravenously every three months, or annually. In most circumstances, the generic alendronate should be prescribed first. Although rare, side effects include gastrointestinal distress, jawbone problems and an unusual fracture of the thighbone. Because of these risks, a complete dental checkup should be conducted before starting a bisphosphonate. In addition, complications can be reduced if the medication is stopped after seven years. This is called a drug holiday and should last anywhere from one to three years.


Team members care for thousands of the region's sickest children with heart conditions, including fetuses, newborns, infants, children, adolescents, and adult, long-term patients with pediatric cardiovascular conditions. At Children's families experience coordinated, next-generation care, delivered by a compassionate, multidisciplinary team of leaders in the pediatric cardiology field. One of the largest pediatric cardiovascular programs in the region. Studies have shown that high volumes are associated with high quality and better outcomes, because experience is a major factor in quality of care. Wort was traditionally prescribed in parts of Europe for depression (in addition to use as a general-purpose tea), and Chinese medicine developed elaborate lists of herbs and preparations. With the scientific revolution in Europe and the United States, the use of traditional herbal remedies fell out of favor with the mainstream medical establishment, although a few people continued to use and maintain knowledge of traditional European herblore. In the early 20th century, scientists began reassessing this rejection of traditional herbs in medicine. Vorzüge eines intakten und lebendigen Gemeinschaftslebens bewahren. Dafür sorgen nicht zuletzt gut 120 lokale Vereine. Als wichtiger Faktor im Kulturleben haben sich die zahlreichen Museen und einige Kunstgalerien erwiesen. Descriptive and quantitative transcriptome analyses are important for interpreting the functional elements of the genome and revealing the molecular constituents of cells and tissues. It is known that sperm function can be affected by ASG proteins, including the processes of capacitation and the acrosome reaction, as well as canadian pharmacy accutane sperm motility, DNA integrity and interaction with the oocyte. BSPs (bovine seminal plasma protein, unigene 64,588 and unigene 69,768), fertilin (unigene 17,270 and unigene 27,136), ACE (Angiotensin converting enzyme, unigene 7,164 and unigene 21,069), GPX5 (glutathione peroxidase, epididymal secretory glutathione peroxidase, unigene15860), Spermadhesin-1 (Acidic seminal fluid protein, aSFP). The reproduction-related transcripts identified in the ASG and testis transcritptomes in E. This interaction of PDC-109 with the sperm cell membrane results in an efflux of cholesterol and choline phospholipids, that appears to be important for capacitation. The main changes in spermatozoa that occur during epididymal maturation are the ability to move, recognize and bind to the ZP, and to fuse with the plasma membrane of the oocyte.. Oct 2004, Adelaide, Australia. Ziaian T, Augostinos, M. Relationship Between Acculturation and Mental Well-being Among Young Persian Women Living in Australia. Paper presented at the Educational Research conference, 18th November 2004, Adelaide, Australia. Ziaian T, Stress Management: an introduction of holistic coping strategies. A Four day Course for the higher degree students. Targeted molecular therapy for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. Minimally invasive surgery for gynecological cancer. Pharmaceutical Sciences from Shizuoka College of Pharmacy (1976, Japan). He has completed his B. Prophylactic removal of nevi without clinically worrisome characteristics is not recommended. The reasons for this are practical: many individuals in these families have a large number of nevi, and complete removal of them all is not feasible, since new atypical nevi continue to develop. In addition, individuals with increased susceptibility to melanoma may have cancer arise de novo, without a precursor lesion such as a nevus. The disadvantages of screening include the limitations of available noninvasive testing methods and the risks associated with invasive screening procedures. ERCP is the gold standard for identifying early cancers and precancerous lesions in the pancreas..