Last Update: Wednesday, July 23, 2014

LIFELONG HEALTH- West Nile Virus Cases Up In 2012, CDC Says PDF Print E-mail
Written by Dr. David Lipschitz Creative Syndicate   
Thursday, 20 September 2012 02:17

Following a mild winter, we have had one of the hottest summers on record. This has led to an abundance of animal births and a huge increase in the insect population. Because of the severe drought, animals and birds congregate near water where insects proliferate.

Consequently, there have been numerous mosquito, tick and flea bites, as well as contact with flies, all of which can transmit infections from animals to man.

This year has seen the largest epidemic of West Nile Virus infections in history. The virus is spread from birds to man by mosquitoes. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that, by late August, 1,590 cases of West Nile Virus had been reported, leading to 65 deaths. Although cases have been reported in 49 states (all but Nevada), five states (Texas, Mississippi, South Dakota, Louisiana and Mississippi) account for 68 percent of the total cases.

The next few weeks look particularly bleak because the highest incidence of infection occurs in late August and September. The actual number of infections is much greater than that reported, as only 20 percent of patients infected with the West Nile Virus develop symptoms. These symptoms occur three to 15 days after being bitten, and include fever, headache, generalized muscle aches, enlarged lymph nodes and occasionally a rash on the trunk of the body.

About 1 percent of infected patients develop inflammation of the brain and spinal cord. Of these patients, 10 percent will die. Symptoms of brain inflammation include neck stiffness, confusion, headache, visual loss, convulsions, numbness and weakness of limbs. Those who survive often have permanent neurological problems.

Sadly, there is no known treatment. West Nile Virus infections tend to be more serious in the very old, the very young and those with a compromised immune system due to illness or medications used to treat rheumatoid arthritis or cancer.

While West Nile Virus is making headlines, tick-borne infections, including Rocky Mountain spotted fever and Lyme disease, are much more prevalent.

Fleabites can transmit a number of serious diseases, the most common of which is cat scratch disease. And flies that have been exposed to contaminated plant or animal products can transmit infections to people, causing gastroenteritis, upper respiratory infections and urinary infections.

As insect-borne infections are so common, we must do all we can to avoid insect bites. Many communities throughout the country are attempting to reduce the mosquito population by using aerial spraying helicopters. This has led to some opposition by those who believe the potential adverse effects of spraying outweigh the benefits.

While the CDC does state that spraying is the least effective way to control the insect populations, the risks to the general public are small. Humans and their pets should avoid direct contact with aerial spray, which has been shown, albeit rarely, to cause asthma, cough and an occasional skin rash.

More important than spraying is what we individually can do to reduce the risk of being bitten by an infected insect. When outdoors, always use an insect repellent that contains an EPA-registered active ingredient. The most common, DEET, does not kill, but repels, insects.

Because DEET is directly applied to human skin, its potential toxicity has been extensively studied. Virtually no adverse effects have been reported. Some environmentally conscious individuals prefer using lemon eucalyptus oil or PMD, a biopesticide repellant.

If used appropriately, these insecticides will protect against mosquito, tick and flea bites. As an extra precaution, wear long sleeves and pants in the early morning and dusk when most bites occur.

Keep insects out of the house by putting screens on windows and doors, and reduce the mosquito population by getting rid of stagnant water around the house. Pay particular attention to birdbaths, pet water dishes and standing water in flowerpots or buckets.

While insect-borne infections are serious, the threat to an individual is small. With the appropriate precautions, the health benefits of being outdoors far outweigh any potential risks.

Dr. David Lipschitz is the author of the book "Breaking the Rules of Aging." To find out more about Dr. David Lipschitz visit

Last Updated on Thursday, 20 September 2012 02:19

Team members care for thousands of the region's sickest children with heart conditions, including fetuses, newborns, infants, children, adolescents, and adult, long-term patients with pediatric cardiovascular conditions. At Children's families experience coordinated, next-generation care, delivered by a compassionate, multidisciplinary team of leaders in the pediatric cardiology field. One of the largest pediatric cardiovascular programs in the region. Studies have shown that high volumes are associated with high quality and better outcomes, because experience is a major factor in quality of care. Wort was traditionally prescribed in parts of Europe for depression (in addition to use as a general-purpose tea), and Chinese medicine developed elaborate lists of herbs and preparations. With the scientific revolution in Europe and the United States, the use of traditional herbal remedies fell out of favor with the mainstream medical establishment, although a few people continued to use and maintain knowledge of traditional European herblore. In the early 20th century, scientists began reassessing this rejection of traditional herbs in medicine. Vorzüge eines intakten und lebendigen Gemeinschaftslebens bewahren. Dafür sorgen nicht zuletzt gut 120 lokale Vereine. Als wichtiger Faktor im Kulturleben haben sich die zahlreichen Museen und einige Kunstgalerien erwiesen. Descriptive and quantitative transcriptome analyses are important for interpreting the functional elements of the genome and revealing the molecular constituents of cells and tissues. It is known that sperm function can be affected by ASG proteins, including the processes of capacitation and the acrosome reaction, as well as canadian pharmacy accutane sperm motility, DNA integrity and interaction with the oocyte. BSPs (bovine seminal plasma protein, unigene 64,588 and unigene 69,768), fertilin (unigene 17,270 and unigene 27,136), ACE (Angiotensin converting enzyme, unigene 7,164 and unigene 21,069), GPX5 (glutathione peroxidase, epididymal secretory glutathione peroxidase, unigene15860), Spermadhesin-1 (Acidic seminal fluid protein, aSFP). The reproduction-related transcripts identified in the ASG and testis transcritptomes in E. This interaction of PDC-109 with the sperm cell membrane results in an efflux of cholesterol and choline phospholipids, that appears to be important for capacitation. The main changes in spermatozoa that occur during epididymal maturation are the ability to move, recognize and bind to the ZP, and to fuse with the plasma membrane of the oocyte.. Oct 2004, Adelaide, Australia. Ziaian T, Augostinos, M. Relationship Between Acculturation and Mental Well-being Among Young Persian Women Living in Australia. Paper presented at the Educational Research conference, 18th November 2004, Adelaide, Australia. Ziaian T, Stress Management: an introduction of holistic coping strategies. A Four day Course for the higher degree students. Targeted molecular therapy for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. Minimally invasive surgery for gynecological cancer. Pharmaceutical Sciences from Shizuoka College of Pharmacy (1976, Japan). He has completed his B. Prophylactic removal of nevi without clinically worrisome characteristics is not recommended. The reasons for this are practical: many individuals in these families have a large number of nevi, and complete removal of them all is not feasible, since new atypical nevi continue to develop. In addition, individuals with increased susceptibility to melanoma may have cancer arise de novo, without a precursor lesion such as a nevus. The disadvantages of screening include the limitations of available noninvasive testing methods and the risks associated with invasive screening procedures. ERCP is the gold standard for identifying early cancers and precancerous lesions in the pancreas..