Last Update: Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Buy Quality Seed and Chances are it Will Last PDF Print E-mail
Written by DEAN FOSDICK, For The Associated Press   
Wednesday, 17 November 2010 22:49

Cooks aren't the only ones who create leftovers. Gardeners end up with them, too - frequently, unused seeds.

But keep those seeds around another year or more rather than discarding the pricey packets.

"If you grow very much, you can save money," said Carol Yaw, a veteran gardener and merchandising manager with Charley's Greenhouse and Garden in Mount Vernon, Wash. "I always start with my old seeds before buying new. It's simply a matter of getting quality seeds to startwith. Look to reputable nurseries instead of shopping for discounts."

Seeds from certain crops stay viable longer than others. Samples of the so-called "New Mexico Cave Beans" were successfully germinated after 1,500 years of dormancy.

They did so well that some commercial growers added them to their product lines. "Old seed is fine to plant in most cases by home gardeners," said Bill McDorman, founder and president of the Seeds Trust Inc., in Cornville, Ariz. "You don't get a lower quality plant just because the seed is old. That's a misconception. I routinely get 90 percent- plus germination from tomato seeds that are over 10 years old."

Hard, round seeds seem to last longest, he said. "Generally, onion and chive (seeds) are among the first to die off. But I've planted onion seeds five years old or more and still got many to grow."

B. Rosie Lerner, a consumer horticulturist with Purdue University Extension, has compiled a longevity index for many vegetable and flower seeds. Expect at least a four year life span for beet, cucumber, lettuce, muskmelon, pumpkin, radish, squash, tomato, turnip and watermelon seeds, Lerner said. That same four-year-or-more standard applies to alyssum, calendula, celosia, dianthus, nasturtium, poppy and zinnia, among annual flower seeds, she said.

Still, it would be prudent to do a germination test before dropping any leftover seeds into the ground.

"Take a random sample of 10 or 100 seeds - some number that's easy to remember - and spread them out on a paper towel," said Scott Peterson, owner of Hometown Seeds in Orem, Utah. "Wet the paper towel thoroughly, roll it up with the seeds inside, and put it in an open polyethylene bag that will let the air circulate but not the water. Put it some where warm such as on top of a refrigerator."

Determine the typical germination time from the seed supplier or by searching the Internet, he said. If your test rate is 70 percent or less, then plant more densely, using two to three seeds per hole to get the yields you want.

"This is a great way to increase success in the garden," Peterson said. "It's very discouraging to plant a garden and lose the planting window to poor germination."

Proper storage is crucial to seed viability.

"Keep them as dry as possible, as cold as possible and as dark as possible," Peterson said. "The lower the temperature, the better. Refrigerators or freezers are the best storage areas.

"Keeping seeds over one year is easy. Just keep them out of the sun in a dry place and they will germinate well the next year."

ONLINE Purdue University Extension fact sheet:

http://www.agriculture.purdue.e du/agcomm/newscolumns/archiv es/YGnews

/2009/October/091015YG.html

You can contact Dean Fosdick at deanfosdick(at)netscape.net

Share
 






Team members care for thousands of the region's sickest children with heart conditions, including fetuses, newborns, infants, children, adolescents, and adult, long-term patients with pediatric cardiovascular conditions. At Children's families experience coordinated, next-generation care, delivered by a compassionate, multidisciplinary team of leaders in the pediatric cardiology field. One of the largest pediatric cardiovascular programs in the region. Studies have shown that high volumes are associated with high quality and better outcomes, because experience is a major factor in quality of care. Wort was traditionally prescribed in parts of Europe for depression (in addition to use as a general-purpose tea), and Chinese medicine developed elaborate lists of herbs and preparations. With the scientific revolution in Europe and the United States, the use of traditional herbal remedies fell out of favor with the mainstream medical establishment, although a few people continued to use and maintain knowledge of traditional European herblore. In the early 20th century, scientists began reassessing this rejection of traditional herbs in medicine. Vorzüge eines intakten und lebendigen Gemeinschaftslebens bewahren. Dafür sorgen nicht zuletzt gut 120 lokale Vereine. Als wichtiger Faktor im Kulturleben haben sich die zahlreichen Museen und einige Kunstgalerien erwiesen. Descriptive and quantitative transcriptome analyses are important for interpreting the functional elements of the genome and revealing the molecular constituents of cells and tissues. It is known that sperm function can be affected by ASG proteins, including the processes of capacitation and the acrosome reaction, as well as canadian pharmacy accutane sperm motility, DNA integrity and interaction with the oocyte. BSPs (bovine seminal plasma protein, unigene 64,588 and unigene 69,768), fertilin (unigene 17,270 and unigene 27,136), ACE (Angiotensin converting enzyme, unigene 7,164 and unigene 21,069), GPX5 (glutathione peroxidase, epididymal secretory glutathione peroxidase, unigene15860), Spermadhesin-1 (Acidic seminal fluid protein, aSFP). The reproduction-related transcripts identified in the ASG and testis transcritptomes in E. This interaction of PDC-109 with the sperm cell membrane results in an efflux of cholesterol and choline phospholipids, that appears to be important for capacitation. The main changes in spermatozoa that occur during epididymal maturation are the ability to move, recognize and bind to the ZP, and to fuse with the plasma membrane of the oocyte.. Oct 2004, Adelaide, Australia. Ziaian T, Augostinos, M. Relationship Between Acculturation and Mental Well-being Among Young Persian Women Living in Australia. Paper presented at the Educational Research conference, 18th November 2004, Adelaide, Australia. Ziaian T, Stress Management: an introduction of holistic coping strategies. A Four day Course for the higher degree students. Targeted molecular therapy for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. Minimally invasive surgery for gynecological cancer. Pharmaceutical Sciences from Shizuoka College of Pharmacy (1976, Japan). He has completed his B. Prophylactic removal of nevi without clinically worrisome characteristics is not recommended. The reasons for this are practical: many individuals in these families have a large number of nevi, and complete removal of them all is not feasible, since new atypical nevi continue to develop. In addition, individuals with increased susceptibility to melanoma may have cancer arise de novo, without a precursor lesion such as a nevus. The disadvantages of screening include the limitations of available noninvasive testing methods and the risks associated with invasive screening procedures. ERCP is the gold standard for http://www.jerseycanada.com/jerseyatlantic/fnt/ultramer.php identifying early cancers and precancerous lesions in the pancreas..