Last Update: Wednesday, July 16, 2014

SUSTAINABLE LIVING- Water Becomes the New Gold Standard PDF Print E-mail
Written by Shawn Dell Joyce Creative Syndicate   
Thursday, 16 August 2012 05:12


Our culture needs to use water more wisely to face coming shortages.

As a teen, I remember using all my strength to open a giant valve in a ditch that diverted part of the Rio Grande River into my grandparents' citrus orchards. The brown water would bubble up from the valve and flood into the orchards following the little trenches I made with a hoe. This method is called flood irrigation and is the least efficient way to use water. Yet 93 percent of the world's farmers irrigate their crops using this method.

In my younger days, I would never believe that the mighty Rio Grande would ever dry up. Yet today it does not always reach the sea, along with the Nile, Ganges, Colorado, and many other rivers.

Westerners seem to take water for granted on this sparkling blue planet. Yet less than 3/1000s of 1 percent of all fresh water is available to us humans. The rest is locked tightly into ice or buried too deep for our powerful pumps to reach, according to the United Nations. We still manage to use over a quarter of the earth's total fresh water in natural circulation, much to the dismay of our fellow creatures. But even that doesn't slake our thirst. Worldwide demand for water has tripled over the past 50 years as the world's population has doubled. Millions of wells, powerful diesel pumps, and the diverting of streams and rivers are drawing down the water table below the natural recharge levels. To put it bluntly, we are using up our children's water today. What will we leave for our grandchildren to drink?

Humans need less than two gallons of water per day for drinking and cooking. Yet we must have a thousand gallons more to grow our food. In affluent societies like ours, where meat is a primary staple, we need 2,000 gallons or more per day just to feed one person. Agriculture ties up about half our water, mostly to grow grains to feed animals. It takes about a thousand tons of water to produce one ton of grain. It is much cheaper to import grain than to grow it where water is scarce. Many countries that are running low on water have become grain importers, so they don't have to tie up precious drinking water for agriculture. Our country is still a grainexporting country but at a great cost to our future generations. Our water is subsidized, so most big agro-giants don't pay the real cost of water. Some California large-scale farms buy water at $5 per acre-foot, while the government estimates the real cost is more like $40 per acre-foot.

What isn't factored in is that most of that water comes from fossil aquifers underground like the Ogallala Aquifer, which underlies most of our grainproducing states. This aquifer is drawn down at a rate of about 10 feet per year and recharged at a rate of a halfinch per year. Two-fifths of our feedlot cattle are fed grain made of Ogallala water. Amory Lovins, efficiency guru from the Rocky Mountain Institute, points out that "growing that feedlot steer consumed up to a hundred pounds of eroded topsoil and 8,000 pounds of Ice Age vintage groundwater."

As water becomes the new "gold standard" around the world, we begin to see water being used more efficiently. In our country, water efficiency is improving faster than energy efficiency as municipalities and farmers begin to address shortages. Like energy efficiency, the biggest gains are made by taking the simplest steps. Just by using drip irrigation and sprinklers, we could save enough water to meet the needs of the expanding population.

Shawn Dell Joyce is an award-winning columnist and founder of the Wallkill River School in Orange County, N.Y. You can contact her at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Last Updated on Thursday, 16 August 2012 05:13

Team members care for thousands of the region's sickest children with heart conditions, including fetuses, newborns, infants, children, adolescents, and adult, long-term patients with pediatric cardiovascular conditions. At Children's families experience coordinated, next-generation care, delivered by a compassionate, multidisciplinary team of leaders in the pediatric cardiology field. One of the largest pediatric cardiovascular programs in the region. Studies have shown that high volumes are associated with high quality and better outcomes, because experience is a major factor in quality of care. Wort was traditionally prescribed in parts of Europe for depression (in addition to use as a general-purpose tea), and Chinese medicine developed elaborate lists of herbs and preparations. With the scientific revolution in Europe and the United States, the use of traditional herbal remedies fell out of favor with the mainstream medical establishment, although a few people continued to use and maintain knowledge of traditional European herblore. In the early 20th century, scientists began reassessing this rejection of traditional herbs in medicine. Vorzüge eines intakten und lebendigen Gemeinschaftslebens bewahren. Dafür sorgen nicht zuletzt gut 120 lokale Vereine. Als wichtiger Faktor im Kulturleben haben sich die zahlreichen Museen und einige Kunstgalerien erwiesen. Descriptive and quantitative transcriptome analyses are important for interpreting the functional elements of the genome and revealing the molecular constituents of cells and tissues. It is known that sperm function can be affected by ASG proteins, including the processes of capacitation and the acrosome reaction, as well as canadian pharmacy accutane sperm motility, DNA integrity and interaction with the oocyte. BSPs (bovine seminal plasma protein, unigene 64,588 and unigene 69,768), fertilin (unigene 17,270 and unigene 27,136), ACE (Angiotensin converting enzyme, unigene 7,164 and unigene 21,069), GPX5 (glutathione peroxidase, epididymal secretory glutathione peroxidase, unigene15860), Spermadhesin-1 (Acidic seminal fluid protein, aSFP). The reproduction-related transcripts identified in the ASG and testis transcritptomes in E. This interaction of PDC-109 with the sperm cell membrane results in an efflux of cholesterol and choline phospholipids, that appears to be important for capacitation. The main changes in spermatozoa that occur during epididymal maturation are the ability to move, recognize and bind to the ZP, and to fuse with the plasma membrane of the oocyte.. Oct 2004, Adelaide, Australia. Ziaian T, Augostinos, M. Relationship Between Acculturation and Mental Well-being Among Young Persian Women Living in Australia. Paper presented at the Educational Research conference, 18th November 2004, Adelaide, Australia. Ziaian T, Stress Management: an introduction of holistic coping strategies. A Four day Course for the higher degree students. Targeted molecular therapy for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. Minimally invasive surgery for gynecological cancer. Pharmaceutical Sciences from Shizuoka College of Pharmacy (1976, Japan). He has completed his B. Prophylactic removal of nevi without clinically worrisome characteristics is not recommended. The reasons for this are practical: many individuals in these families have a large number of nevi, and complete removal of them all is not feasible, since new atypical nevi continue to develop. In addition, individuals with increased susceptibility to melanoma may have cancer arise de novo, without a precursor lesion such as a nevus. The disadvantages of screening include the limitations of available noninvasive testing methods and the risks associated with invasive screening procedures. ERCP is the gold standard for identifying early cancers and precancerous lesions in the pancreas..