Last Update: Wednesday, July 23, 2014

TRAVEL AND ADVENTURE- Antarctica in an Afternoon PDF Print E-mail
Written by Steve Murray, Creative Syndicate   
Thursday, 08 December 2011 05:03

The International Antarctic Centre in Christchurch, New Zealand, provides an introduction to Antarctic land exploration. Photo courtesy of Steve Murray.

It's hard for passengers arriving at the airport in Christchurch, New Zealand, to miss the International Antarctic Centre. Its dull silver facade shines in the sun like an iceberg, and blue penguin footprints painted on the pavement mark the five-minute walk from the airport to its entrance. In fact, the IAC is a public window into the working research campus that surrounds it, a launching point for New Zealand, United States and Italian expeditions to the Antarctic continent. A brief visit to one of the city's most popular attractions provides a permanent appreciation for scientists working at the planet's extremes.

Christchurch, a city of about 376,000 people, has long ties to exploration in the Southern Ocean. Scott, Shackleford and Byrd — heroic names from the area's history — sailed from the city's Lyttelton Harbor, bound for the South Pole. This South Island city has earned its title of gateway to the ice.

The IAC opened in 1992 to give the public a glimpse of the challenges and rewards of science in Antarctica. As a firsttime visitor to Christchurch and knowing I was unlikely ever to visit the Antarctic, I was eager to check it out.

A yellow Hagglund was parked in front of the entrance when I arrived. The all-terrain vehicle looked just like the nononsense transportation scientists would want in the Antarctic. The admissions clerk noticed my repeated glances at it as I purchased my ticket.

"You can start anywhere you like," she said, "but Alastair is about to leave on the Hagglund ride, and he still has room."

Alastair gave a weathered grin from under scattered brown hair and turned to lead me to the vehicle. Eight others were already strapped into the rear cab, so I took a seat in the front.

"Whatever you do," Alastair said in his clipped New Zealander speech, "don't touch the Titanic handle." The door handle didn't look very special to me, so I didn't ask why it had a special name.

We took off, driving around a hilly field clearly designed to challenge the rugged Hagglund. As the hills grew steeper, passengers grabbed the fixed handholds on the cab walls. When the track tilted sideways, most conversation stopped. Finally the vehicle dropped into a wide pool of muddy water that reached to the door windows. Alastair gleefully told us that the water was deeper than the Hagglund was high. Now I understood why he called it a Titanic handle. And, no, I wasn't about to touch it.

The ride takes a short route through simulated terrain to show visitors what it's like to operate on fields of snow, ice and rock. As we parked back in front of the IAC, I could appreciate that just getting to a research site was its own reward in the Antarctic. It was a great introduction to what the IAC had to offer, and I was eager to explore inside.

Like many museums, the IAC offers hand-held audio guides to explain its exhibits. When I turned mine on, however, I was startled to hear the voice of Sir Edmund Hillary. The famous New Zealand explorer — the man who pioneered the first successful climb of Mount Everest — had thought enough of the IAC when it was opened to record his own thoughts and interpretations for visitors. With a guide like this, I paid very close attention.

The IAC is designed for both children and adults, and it makes good on its commitment to interactive experiences. I searched through a set of typical expedition supplies and checked out early and modern survival equipment, while Sir Edmund described cold weather safety and rescue procedures developed over years of difficult and sometimes tragic experience.

I learned about the lifeline planes that supply these field stations, about team selection and preparatory training, and even about new technological approaches to base operations. Who knew they had wind farms for electricity in the Antarctic?

I could look in on the Little Blue Penguins' (their actual name) habitat and learn about the IAC's rescue and recovery program for these birds, examine the geological history and deep-sea marine life of the Antarctic continent, and even catch a 4-D film about Antarctic sea exploration complete with ocean smells, wind, sea spray and moving seats.

After the exhibit galleries, I was ready for another experience like the Hagglund ride. A lobby placard claims that Antarctica is the "coldest, driest and windiest place on Earth." I headed for the Antarctic Storm simulation to get a taste of what this meant.

This indoor storm system generates 25-mph winds with a zerodegree Fahrenheit wind chill. This is serious, although still not as harsh as some Midwestern winters in the United States. The dim lighting and the haunting moan of the wind, however, are a different story. The noise was almost malevolent — much worse than the cold — and I was relieved when it stopped. It was hard to imagine doing meticulous scientific work for weeks or months in weather like that.

Outside the storm room, I cleaned the fog from my frozen eyeglasses and heard a strange comment from someone else who had been through the experience with me. "Neat, huh, kids? Kind of like Toronto."

I turned to look at the speaker. With the world-class cold in Canada as a benchmark, why bring his family to this particular attraction?

"Two reasons," he answered. "There's still a lot to learn here, of course. But then it's actually what's out there. This is where the real expeditions start. He paused for a moment and grinned. "That's pretty cool."

His comments reminded me that this isn't just a tourist attraction. It's the public face of a larger exploration enterprise where global science is conducted by international teams.

As I walked out, I took a closer look at the research offices of Antarctica New Zealand, directly across from the IAC's lobby. To my left, at the edge of the airport, were cobalt blue buildings that housed U.S. research support facilities, and to my right, was a single white building with a sign that read "United States Antarctic Program Passenger Terminal."

Now wouldn't I like to go through those doors!


Christchurch tourism has suffered over the past year as a result of serious earthquakes near the city center. Signs of repair and recovery are visible everywhere, and many visitors now use Christchurch only as a transit point for other New Zealand destinations. This is a pity, because many attractions such as the International Antarctic IAC, Christchurch Botanic Gardens and the Air Force Museum are still open. Many activities such as skiing, hot-air ballooning and riverrafting are also still available. City sights are continuously updated at


Team members care for thousands of the region's sickest children with heart conditions, including fetuses, newborns, infants, children, adolescents, and adult, long-term patients with pediatric cardiovascular conditions. At Children's families experience coordinated, next-generation care, delivered by a compassionate, multidisciplinary team of leaders in the pediatric cardiology field. One of the largest pediatric cardiovascular programs in the region. Studies have shown that high volumes are associated with high quality and better outcomes, because experience is a major factor in quality of care. Wort was traditionally prescribed in parts of Europe for depression (in addition to use as a general-purpose tea), and Chinese medicine developed elaborate lists of herbs and preparations. With the scientific revolution in Europe and the United States, the use of traditional herbal remedies fell out of favor with the mainstream medical establishment, although a few people continued to use and maintain knowledge of traditional European herblore. In the early 20th century, scientists began reassessing this rejection of traditional herbs in medicine. Vorzüge eines intakten und lebendigen Gemeinschaftslebens bewahren. Dafür sorgen nicht zuletzt gut 120 lokale Vereine. Als wichtiger Faktor im Kulturleben haben sich die zahlreichen Museen und einige Kunstgalerien erwiesen. Descriptive and quantitative transcriptome analyses are important for interpreting the functional elements of the genome and revealing the molecular constituents of cells and tissues. It is known that sperm function can be affected by ASG proteins, including the processes of capacitation and the acrosome reaction, as well as canadian pharmacy accutane sperm motility, DNA integrity and interaction with the oocyte. BSPs (bovine seminal plasma protein, unigene 64,588 and unigene 69,768), fertilin (unigene 17,270 and unigene 27,136), ACE (Angiotensin converting enzyme, unigene 7,164 and unigene 21,069), GPX5 (glutathione peroxidase, epididymal secretory glutathione peroxidase, unigene15860), Spermadhesin-1 (Acidic seminal fluid protein, aSFP). The reproduction-related transcripts identified in the ASG and testis transcritptomes in E. This interaction of PDC-109 with the sperm cell membrane results in an efflux of cholesterol and choline phospholipids, that appears to be important for capacitation. The main changes in spermatozoa that occur during epididymal maturation are the ability to move, recognize and bind to the ZP, and to fuse with the plasma membrane of the oocyte.. Oct 2004, Adelaide, Australia. Ziaian T, Augostinos, M. Relationship Between Acculturation and Mental Well-being Among Young Persian Women Living in Australia. Paper presented at the Educational Research conference, 18th November 2004, Adelaide, Australia. Ziaian T, Stress Management: an introduction of holistic coping strategies. A Four day Course for the higher degree students. Targeted molecular therapy for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. Minimally invasive surgery for gynecological cancer. Pharmaceutical Sciences from Shizuoka College of Pharmacy (1976, Japan). He has completed his B. Prophylactic removal of nevi without clinically worrisome characteristics is not recommended. The reasons for this are practical: many individuals in these families have a large number of nevi, and complete removal of them all is not feasible, since new atypical nevi continue to develop. In addition, individuals with increased susceptibility to melanoma may have cancer arise de novo, without a precursor lesion such as a nevus. The disadvantages of screening include the limitations of available noninvasive testing methods and the risks associated with invasive screening procedures. ERCP is the gold standard for identifying early cancers and precancerous lesions in the pancreas..